Rhodes, is the largest of the Dodecanese group of Islands, [Dodecanese means 12 Islands [GR] Dodeka = twelve - nese = [GR] nisia= islands].
In ancient times Rhodes was famous for the Colossus of Rhodes a statue of the Greek God Helios [Sun] erected to celebrate a victory over Cyprus. The height of the Colossus was equal to the Statue of Liberty in N.Y. there are plans to rebuild it at some time in the future.
In early history the Island was home to Crusaders and Ottomans at different times and more recently the Italians who occupied the Island. In fact Mussolini had a home here and many Italians lived here, Italian is still spoken by the older generation of Greeks.
The Medieval Old Town of Rhodes is one of the best kept Fortresses in the World hence its status as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The history of the fortress is so varied you really need a guide to explain the small details which will enrich your knowledge of the place.
The climate of Rhodes is Mediterranean meaning quite hot with summer highs of 29C (84F) in August and dropping to 15C (59F) in January.